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Mahomet-Seymour Schools


Language Arts - Grade 5


Vocabulary Development


The learner will:


Identify unfamiliar words by applying appropriate word analysis and vocabulary strategies.

Use root words, prefixes, and suffixes to understand word meanings.

Use synonyms and antonyms to define words.

Identify and interpret idioms, similes, analogies, figurative language and metaphors to express implied meanings of words.

Determine the meaning of a word in context when the word has multiple meanings.

Use additional resources to clarify meanings of material.







Reading Strategies


The learner will:


Use skimming to preview reading materials and scanning to detect major visual patterns, set a purpose for reading, and identify text structure before and during reading.

Formulate questions to determine meaning during reading.

Identify authorís ideas and purposes during reading.

Infer before, during, and after reading in a variety of texts.

Determine the purpose of features in informational text.

Make connections with text to clarify and extend their ideas.

Make judgments based on prior knowledge during reading.

Recognize and synthesize significant and minor details, both stated and implied in the text.

Use cause and effect relationships, fact and opinion, comparing and contrasting, sequencing, context clues, predicting, generalizing and summarizing to better understand text.

Use information to draw conclusions from tables, maps, and charts in order to help understand a reading passage.

Read aloud fluently with expression, accuracy, and appropriate speed.

Apply self-monitoring and self-correcting strategies during reading to check and clarify for understanding.

Reflect on what they read.






Reading Comprehension


The learner will:


Confirm, reject and modify open ended questions, predictions, and hypotheses based on evidence in text.

Compare the content and organization of various selections.

Identify evidence for inferences, make generalizations, and draw conclusions based on a variety of texts combined with prior knowledge.

Identify and summarize the order of events in a story or nonfiction passage or identify the best summary.

Recognize similarities/differences of varying styles or points of view, including the influence of the media.

Recognize how illustrations reflect, interpret, and enhance texts in various cultures.

Apply appropriate reading strategies to fiction and nonfiction texts within and across content areas.

Develop familiarity with available electronic literary forms.

Select reading strategies for text appropriate to the readerís purpose.

Determine how authors and illustrators express their ideas.








Literary Elements


The learner will:


Differentiate among the literary elements of plot, character, setting, and theme.

Identify events important to the development of the plot and subplot, including the rising action and falling action/resolution.

Identify setting, including how setting affects the plot.

Identify the authorís message or theme.

Make connections with text to clarify and extend their ideas.

Recognize points of view in narratives.

Determine character motivation, the causes of their actions, the relationship between them, and what characters are like by their words and actions.

Identify and interpret figurative language, including similes, metaphors, personification, and alliteration.

Identify examples of poetic devices using sound, such as onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme, and unrhymed verse.








Variety of Literary Works


The learner will:


Identify the genres of science fiction, historical fiction, myth or legend, drama, biography/autobiography, short story, poem, fairy tale, folktale, fable, nonfiction, and essay.

Identify whether a given passage is narrative, persuasive, or expository.








Grammar and Sentence Structure


The learner will:


Develop multi-paragraph compositions that include an introduction, first and second level support, and a conclusion.

Use a variety of sentence structures and sentence types.

Use basic transition works/phrases to connect ideas.

Use and proofread for appropriate conventions.

Demonstrate appropriate use of various parts of speech.








Writing for Specific Purposes


The learner will:


Use pre-writing strategies.

Analyze basic audience and purpose for writing and choose the appropriate form.

Establish and maintain focus/organization within and across paragraphs.

Use appropriate voice, figurative language, transitional words and phrases to connect and unify key ideas.

Edit and revise content.








Developing a Composition


The learner will:


Compose writing that supports a topic or thesis statement with evidence.

Develop a multi-paragraph piece of well-developed and balanced expository writing, using appropriate language, details, depth, and format.

Write an effective closing that relates to the topic.

Achieve coherence and cohesion throughout the composition.








Locating, Organizing, and Using Information


The learner will:


Define the focus, formulate questions, gather and arrange information in an orderly manner.

Use a variety of credible sources, including technology, to collect information relevant to a topic.

Design and prepare a project using multiple sources.








Analyzing and Recording Information


The learner will:


Recognize the purpose for and list sources of information selected for use in a project (e.g., title, author, copyright, date).

Use information from footnotes, illustrations, diagrams, charts, and graphs.








Presentation of Information


The learner will:


Identify characteristics of audiences and purposes of the presentation.

Evaluate and select text, graphic materials, or visual aids to present information.

Communicate, in an appropriate format, information that was gathered by either inquiry or research.

Revise/edit the work.