The learner will be able to understand that cells
are the basic units of structure and function of all life.
The learner will be able to diagram how a cell is
organized into specialized parts that carry out specific functions.
The learner will be able to describe how all cell
functions involve chemical reactions carried out by the many different
types of molecules taken in and/or assembled by the cell.
The learner will be able to understand that a
relatively few chemical elements make up the molecules of all living cells,
mainly carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur.
The learner will be able to explain how chemical
breakdown and syntheses are made possible in the cells by a large set of
protein catalysts called enzymes.
The learner will be able to describe how food molecules
taken into cells are broken down to provide chemical units needed to build
other molecules for the organism and to provide energy for the cell to use
in carrying out its many functions.
The learner will be able to diagram how cell
functions are regulated by interactions of different kinds of molecules in
the cell, causing distinct cycles of activities, such as growth and
The learner will be able to understand that the
cell must make its own enzymes to carry out its necessary life functions.
The learner will be able to illustrate how mitosis
is a very organized procedure in which DNA molecules are replicated and
other contents of the cell are divided to form two new cells.
The learner will be able to explain how the
understanding of many diseases rests on understanding errors in enzyme
production, the regulation of cell growth, food uptake and metabolism.