Chalkboard

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Mahomet-Seymour Schools

Curriculum

Science - Biology

 

Interactions and Interdependence

 

The learner will be able to understand that organisms must interact with their environment and with other organisms to survive.

 

The learner will be able to describe and illustrate how ecosystems are made of both biotic and abiotic components which are constantly interacting.

 

The learner will be able to demonstrate how systems require material resources and an energy input.

 

The learner will be able to illustrate both verbally and figuratively how energy flows through ecosystems in one direction from the sun through producers to consumers.

 

The learner will be able to explain how materials cycle through the ecosystem and are used and reused by living systems.

 

The learner will be able to diagram how communities are made up of the interacting organisms within an ecosystem.

 

The learner will be able to differentiate between populations of a given species of organisms by showing how they are governed by dependence and interactions within the species and with the other factors of the ecosystem.

 

The learner will be able to deduct through analysis that humans are a part of the web of life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Cells

 

The learner will be able to understand that cells are the basic units of structure and function of all life.

 

The learner will be able to diagram how a cell is organized into specialized parts that carry out specific functions.

 

The learner will be able to describe how all cell functions involve chemical reactions carried out by the many different types of molecules taken in and/or assembled by the cell.

 

The learner will be able to understand that a relatively few chemical elements make up the molecules of all living cells, mainly carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur.

 

The learner will be able to explain how chemical breakdown and syntheses are made possible in the cells by a large set of protein catalysts called enzymes.

The learner will be able to describe how food molecules taken into cells are broken down to provide chemical units needed to build other molecules for the organism and to provide energy for the cell to use in carrying out its many functions.

 

The learner will be able to diagram how cell functions are regulated by interactions of different kinds of molecules in the cell, causing distinct cycles of activities, such as growth and division.

 

The learner will be able to understand that the cell must make its own enzymes to carry out its necessary life functions.

 

The learner will be able to illustrate how mitosis is a very organized procedure in which DNA molecules are replicated and other contents of the cell are divided to form two new cells.

 

The learner will be able to explain how the understanding of many diseases rests on understanding errors in enzyme production, the regulation of cell growth, food uptake and metabolism.

 

  

 

 

 

 

  

 

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Genetics and Development

 

The learner will be able to understand that inherited traits are passed from parents to offspring in the chromosomes of reproductive cells.

 

The learner will be able to explain that the production of gametes in sexual reproduction is the result of a special cell division, meiosis.

 

The learner will be able to describe how the genetic information in DNA molecules provides a code of instructions for assembling thousands of specific protein molecules.

 

The learner will be able to understand that mutations can occur spontaneously.

The learner will be able to explain how as an embryo grows by forming new cells through mitosis, small differences in its immediate environment cause the new cells to develop slightly differently, resulting in cell differentiation.

 

The learner will be able to deduct through analysis how faulty genes can cause body parts or systems to fail to develop properly or to fail to perform their work properly.

 

The learner will be able to describe how knowledge of genetics is opening new fields of health care and agricultural production.

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Diversity and Adaptations

 

The learner will be able to understand that within the great diversity of life on earth, scientists have recognized similarities, as well as differences, in external and internal structural anatomy and in genetic materials.

 

The learner will be able to explain how there is a constant effort to compare the structural make-up of all living things and to place each one into a hierarchy of groups and subgroups based on the increasing amount of structural similarities within the groups.

 

The learner will be able to illustrate how variation in heritable characteristics exists within every species.

 

The learner will be able to differentiate between variations in heritable characteristics by showing how some variations are more useful in a given environment than are other variations.

 

The learner will be able to deduct through analysis that those variations which enhance survival of certain individuals within the species are more likely to allow the individuals to reproduce and pass the positive adaptation to their offspring.

 

The learner will be able to describe how new life builds on that which already exists; therefore the more heritable variety there is in a species, the more changes are possible in the future.

 

The learner will be able to explain how the theory of adaptations and natural selection provides a scientific explanation for the history of life on earth as depicted in the fossil record and in the similarities and differences evident with in the diversity of existing organisms.

 

The learner will be able to deduct through analysis that the development of the "Theory of Evolution" is a model of the way in which scientific knowledge is constructed, tested, and sometimes altered in view of new information.

 

The learner will be able to understand that most present day scientists accept Darwin's basic idea, although differences of interpretation exist concerning the details of the process and how rapidly evolution of species takes place.

 

 

 

  

 

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