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Mahomet-Seymour Schools

Curriculum

Science – AP Chemistry

 

Stoichiometry and Reactions in Aqueous Solution

 

The learner will be able to set up lab equipment properly.

 

The learner will write up laboratory experiments in the proper format.

 

The learner will be able to explain the difference between mass and weight.

 

The learner will be able to solve problems involving % composition, empirical formulas, and stoichiometry.

 

The learner will be able to carry out calculations involving the various units of concentration.

 

The learner will be able to write formulas and name compounds.

 

The learner will be able to write the formulas for, know the charges of, and name polyatomic ions.

 

The learner will be able to write correct balanced formula equations.

 

The learner will be able to write correct net ionic equations given specific reactants.

 

The learner will be able to list strong/weak acids, strong/weak bases, soluble/insoluble substances.

 

The learner will be able to establish an activity series for metals through experimental observation.

 

The learner will be able to determine if a reaction is an oxidation/reduction reaction and label the oxidized/reduced substances and the oxidizing/reducing agents.

 

The learner will be able to carry out a titration and standardization in the laboratory and carry out the resulting calculations necessary.

 

The learner will be able to carry out an experiment involving gravimetric analysis and the resulting calculations.

 

The learner will be able to carry out an oxidation-reduction titration with internal indicator with calculations.

 

The learner will be able to identify various ions in aqueous solution by color.

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between actual and theoretical yield and carry out the calculations for each.

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

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Quantum Theory, Electronic Structure of Atoms and Periodic Relationships

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between the various models of the atom as they have changed over the years.

 

The learner will be able to explain how the model of the atom has changed through the results of various experiments.

 

The learner will be able to describe and define the four quantum numbers that result from the quantum model of the atom.

 

The learner will be able to describe the electrons in atoms using the four quantum numbers using the wave mechanical model of the atom.

 

The learner will be able to give the correct electron configuration for an electron using the quantum model of the atom.

 

The learner will be able to describe the various types of bonding.

 

The learner will be able to use the properties of matter to determine the type of bonding present.

 

The learner will be able to predict the properties of matter due to type of bonding and placement of elements in the periodic table.

 

The learner will be able to use the periodic table to predict the trends in properties of elements.

 

The learner will be able to draw the Lewis structures for elements and compounds.

 

The learner will be able to use electron configuration to explain trends in ionization energies and other various properties. 

 

The learner will be able to use electron configuration to determine if a substance is paramagnetic or diamagnetic.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chemical Bonding – Basic Concepts, Molecular Gemetry and Hybridizaiton

 

The learner will be able to describe the differences in the various types of bonding.

 

The learner will be able to draw the Lewis structures to represent the different types of bonding.

 

The learner will be able to predict, name, and draw the 3-D shape of molecules using the VSEPR theory.

 

The learner will be able to label molecules as polar or nonpolar.

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between polar, nonpolar, sigma, and pi bonds.

 

The learner will be able to predict what type of hybridization of orbitals is needed to explain the shape of various molecules.

 

The learner will be able to define bond energy and describe its relation to bond strength.

 

The learner will be able to define lattice energy and describe how its strength is related to ion charge and size.

 

The learner will be able to explain the octet rule and describe the exceptions.

 

The learner will be able to recognize when a molecule can exhibit exceptions to the octet rule.

 

 

 

 

  

 

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Gases

 

The learner will be able to list the assumptions of the kinetic molecular theory.

 

The learner will be able to list the properties of gases and explain why gases have these properties using the kinetic molecular theory.

 

The learner will be able to carry out gas law calculations involving pressure, volume, temperature and moles of gases using the gas laws and the ideal gas law equation.

 

The learner will be able to carry out calculations using Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures.

 

The learner will be able to perform an experiment and carry out the calculations to determine the molar volume of a gas at standard conditions.

 

The learner will be able to carry out calculations involving the root mean square speed, Graham’s Law of Diffusion and the Ideal Gas Law equation.

 

The learner will be able to describe why and the conditions under which a gas will deviate from the ideal gas law equation and gas laws.

 

The learner will be able to describe the differences between an ideal gas and a real gas in terms of properties and behavior at various pressures and temperatures.

 

 

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Thermochemistry

 

  The learner will be able to explain the difference between heat capacity, specific heat, heat of hydration, heat of solution, heat of formation and heat of reaction.

 

The learner will be able to recognize experimentally exothermic and endothermic reactions.

 

The learner will be able to describe the energy transformations in chemical and physical changes. 

 

The learner will be able to calculate the energy involved in physical and chemical changes.

 

The learner will be able to carry out an experiment using a constant pressure calorimeter and determine the energy involved.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the enthalpy and work done in a reaction.

 

The learner will be able to describe the different forms of energy and their transformations.

 

The learner will be able to apply Hess’s law to a thermochemistry problem.

 

The learner will be able to describe the difference between constant pressure calorimetry and constant volume (bomb) calorimetry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chemical Kinetics

 

The learner will be able to list the requirements for a reaction to occur.

 

The learner will be able to define heat of reaction, activation energy, activated complex chemical kinetics, and catalyst.

 

The learner will be able to describe and explain the factors that will increase the rate of reaction.

 

The learner will be able to determine the order of a reaction from the given mechanism of reaction.

 

The learner will be able to determine the order of reaction from rate and concentration data.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the rate of reaction from the given rate law and concentrations.

 

The learner will be able to write the rate law equation from the given mechanism of reaction.

 

The learner will be able to use the integrated rate law equations to calculate concentrations at various times during a reaction.

 

The learner will be able to predict the order of a reaction using a graph of various data.

 

The learner will be able to carry out an experiment to determine the order of reaction using colorimetry.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the half life of a reaction from integrated rate laws.

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

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Chemical Equilibrium – Acid/Base and Solubility Equilibria

 

The learner will be able to recognize when a system is in equilibrium.

 

The learner will be able to write equilibrium expressions for various types of reactions.

 

The learner will be able to calculate equilibrium constant values.

 

The learner will be able to convert Kc to Kp and vice versa.

 

The learner will be able to list five characteristics of a system in equilibrium.

 

The learner will be able to apply LeChatelier’s Principle in predicting changes in reactions at equilibrium.

 

The learner will be able to list the properties of acids and bases.

 

The learner will be able to experimentally determine if a solution is acidic or basic by several different methods.

 

The learner will be able to define Arrhenius, Bronsted/Lowry, and Lewis acids and bases.

 

The learner will be able to solve problems involving Ka, Kb, Kw and Ksp equilibria.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the hydrogen ion concentration in strong and weak acids and bases as well as salt solutions.

 

The learner will be able to predict whether a salt solution will be acidic, basic, or neutral.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the pH of acid, base and salt solutions.

 

The learner will be able to solve various types of problems involving titration.

 

The learner will be able to recognize whether a titration curve is for a strong or weak acid/base.

 

The learner will be able to carry out an experiment to establish a titration curve.

 

The learner will be able to determine the equivalence point and molar mass of an acid using a titration curve.

 

The learner will be able to determine what indicator is appropriate for a given titration.

 

The learner will be able to define solubility product.

 

The learner will be able to predict whether a precipitate will form when two solutions of given concentration are mixed.

 

The learner will be able to calculate pH changes as various acid/base solutions are mixed.

 

The learner will be able to define and give an example of a buffer solution.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the pH of buffer solutions.

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

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Entropy, Free Energy and Equilibrium

 

The learner will be able to state the three laws of thermodynamics.

 

The learner will be able to define entropy and enthalpy.

 

The learner will be able to describe the two driving forces produce spontaneity in reactions.

 

The learner will be able to describe the relationship of temperature, entropy, enthalpy and spontaneity of reactions.

 

The learner will be able to use Gibb’s Free Energy equation to predict the spontaneity of reactions. 

 

The learner will be able to calculate the entropy change, the enthalpy change and the free energy change for a chemical reaction.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the equilibrium constant for a reaction from free energy, entropy and enthalpy data.

 

The learner will be able to predict the entropy changes in given chemical and physical changes.

 

The learner will be able to calculate free energy changes at non-standard conditions using the reaction quotient.

 

 

 

 

  

 

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Electrochemistry

 

The learner will be able to balance oxidation-reduction equations.

 

The learner will be able to describe electrochemical and electrolytic cells.

 

The learner will be able to explain the function of the parts of an electrochemical cell.

 

The learner will be able to calculate the voltage of an electrochemical cell.

 

The learner will be able to diagram and electrochemical and an electrolytic cell and label the various parts of each.

 

The learner will be able to describe the relationship of Gibb’s Free energy, electrochemical cells, and spontaneity.

 

The learner will be able to use the Nernst equation to calculate concentrations and cell voltages in electrochemical cells.

 

The learner will be able to predict changes in cell voltage using LeChatelier’s Principle.

 

The learner will be able to calculate cell voltage with cells containing different metals, various concentrations of solutions and at different temperatures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Intermolecular Forces of Solids and Liquids/Physical Properties of Solutions

 

The learner will be able to describe the types of intermolecular attraction and their source.

 

The learner will be able to list the types of intermolecular attraction according to strength.

 

The learner will be able to use the various types of intermolecular attraction to predict the properties of matter.

 

The learner will be able to define colligative property.

 

The learner will be able to list the colligative properties and describe how they can be used to determine the molar mass of an unknown compound.

 

The learner will be able to use a gas/solid/liquid phase diagram to predict changes at various temperatures and pressures.

 

The learner will be able to list the properties of various compounds by the particles and bonds present.

 

The learner will be able to carry out an experiment to determine the molar mass of a volatile liquid.

 

The learner will be able to carry out an experiment to determine the molar mass by freezing point depression.

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

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