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© 2008 by Mahomet-Seymour Schools.
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Mahomet-Seymour Schools

 Curriculum

Science - Grade 8

 

Physical Science Basic

 

The learner will be able to define physical science.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to discuss, identify and utilize the stops of scientific method.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to construct and demonstrate the correct use of the three types of graphs.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to appreciate the importance of following guidelines in doing experiments.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to recognize the need for standards of measurement.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to demonstrate an ability to convert related SI units.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to interpret graphs.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to analyze the benefits and drawbacks of universal use of SI measurements.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to identify and use the SI units for length, volume, mass, time, weight, temperature and density.

 

  

 

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Energy and Motion

 

The learner will be able to compare and contrast speed, velocity, and acceleration.

 

The learner will be able to perform calculations involving speed, time, distance and acceleration.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to identify cause and affect relationships between force and changes in velocity.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between mass and weight.

 

The learner will be able to explain and distinguish between Newton’s three laws of motion.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to explain how force, mass, and acceleration are related.

 

The learner will be able to compare the rates at which different objects fall.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to explain conservation and momentum.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to recognize that energy can change from one form to other forms with no loss of total energy.

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between kinetic and potential energy.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to compare and contrast the transfer of thermal energy by conduction, convection, and radiation.

 

The learner will be able to explain and calculate the scientific meaning of work.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to describe the six types of simple machines.

 

The learner will be able to explain how machines make work easier.

 

The learner will be able to state and describe the uses of Charles’ Law and Boyle’s Law, Archemides’ Principle, Pascal’s Principle and Bernoulli’s Principle.

 

  

 

 

  

 

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The Nature of Matter

 

The learner will be able to use the kinetic theory of matter to explain the characteristics of solids, liquids, and gases.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between substances (elements and compounds) and mixtures (solutions, colloids, and suspensions).

 

  

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between physical and chemical changes and physical and chemical properties.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to describe the present model of the atom.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to describe the periodic table of elements and use it to find information about an element.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to state a reason why chemical bonding occurs.

 

  

 

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Kinds of Substances

 

The learner will be able to differentiate among the groups of elements in the periodic table.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to recognize hydrogen as a nonmetal.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to distinguish among metals, nonmetals, and metalloids.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to describe structures of organic compounds and explain why carbon forms so many compounds.

 

  

 

 

 

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Interactions of Matter

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

  

 

The learner will be able to identify reactants and products in a chemical reaction.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to demonstrate how to write balanced chemical equations.

 

  

 

 

 

The learner will be able to describe the characteristic properties of acids and bases.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to explain what determines the strength of an acid or a base.

 

  

 

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Waves, Light, and Sound

 

The learner will be able to using the relationship between wavelength, frequency, and velocity, find one variable when two are given.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to recognize the relationships between intensity, loudness, frequency and pitch.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between music and noise.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to describe the arrangement of electromagnetic waves on the electromagnetic spectrum.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to explain how refraction is used to separate the colors of the spectrum in white light.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to identify examples and uses of plane, concave, and convex lenses.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to cite examples of how lenses are used.

 

  

 

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Electricity and Energy Resources

 

The learner will be able to conceptually and mathematically relate potential difference, resistance, and current.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to sketch a series and a parallel circuit, and list applications of each type of circuit.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to explain and calculate electric power.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to explain the properties of magnets.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to distinguish between alternating and direct current.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to contrast properties or radioactive versus stable nuclides.

 

  

 

The learner will be able to distinguish nuclear fission and fusion.

 

 

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